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Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 5/17

May 2017—Viral hepatitis and Parkinson disease; Case studies of professionalism in pathology as an educational tool

Anatomic Pathology Abstracts, 5/17

May 2017—Value of Ki-67 proliferative index in WHO-classified pulmonary carcinoids; Chromosomal abnormalities and genetic changes in uterine smooth muscle tumors; Expression of divergent endodermal lineage markers in yolk sac tumors; Interobserver reproducibility of percent GP4 in prostatic adenocarcinoma on biopsies; MELF pattern invasion: a report of FIGO grade 1 endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinomas; Cost-effectiveness of identifying H. pylori  in gastric biopsies without ancillary stains

Molecular Pathology Abstracts, 5/17

May 2017—Contribution of tumor microenvironment to cancer phenotype after DNA damage; BRCA1 and metabolism: Partners in the development of ovarian cancer?

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 4/17

April 2017—Cost-benefit analysis of Chlamydia trachomatis screening in pregnant women: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the United States. In 2010, more than 1.3 million such infections in the United States were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2013, the estimated direct lifetime cost of treatment for chlamydia and its complications was more than $500 million.

Anatomic Pathology Abstracts, 4/17

April 2017—Proposing prognostic thresholds for lymph node yield in oral cavity cancers: Prognostic lymph node yield thresholds have been identified and incorporated into treatment guidelines for multiple cancer sites, but not for oral cancer. The authors conducted a study to identify optimal thresholds in elective and therapeutic neck dissection for oral cavity cancers.

Molecular Pathology Abstracts, 4/17

April 2017—Molecular profiling in MDS to predict clinical outcomes after transplantation: In recent years, several insights have been gleaned regarding the role of molecular markers for prognosis in myeloproliferative disease. This study expanded the use of molecular markers for prognosis in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) to predicting clinical outcomes after allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplants.

Anatomic Pathology Abstracts, 3/17

March 2017—An immunohistochemical algorithm for ovarian carcinoma typing: Five major histotypes of ovarian carcinoma exist. Diagnostic typing criteria have evolved over time, and past cohorts may be misclassified by current standards. The authors undertook an endeavor to reclassify the recently assembled Canadian Ovarian Experimental Unified Resource and Alberta Ovarian Tumor Type cohorts using immunohistochemical (IHC) biomarkers and to develop an IHC algorithm for ovarian carcinoma histotyping.

Molecular Pathology Abstracts, 3/17

March 2017—Effects of ovarian cancer cells manipulating mesothelial cells that line the peritoneal cavity: spread within the peritoneal cavity, resulting in cell implantation and metastasis at many secondary sites. The peritoneal cavity and associated organs are lined by a single layer of mesothelial cells that it has been suggested not only provides a physical barrier to prevent implantation and invasion but also plays a more complex interactive role in regulating cancer spread.

Molecular Pathology Selected Abstracts, 2/17

February 2017—Concordance between liquid biopsy and patient-matched tumor molecular testing: The use of sequence analyses of extended panels of genes to identify therapeutic targets in cancer is becoming commonplace. These assays typically rely on the availability of tissue biopsies as a source of genomic material, which can become a limitation in situations where insufficient tissue is available or an invasive procedure to collect tissue is impractical. A potential solution to this dilemma is the use of a blood-based, or liquid biopsy, approach, in which a peripheral blood sample is used as a source of tumor-derived genomic material, either in the form of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) or via circulating tumor cells (ctcDNA).

Anatomic Pathology Abstracts, 2/17

February 2017—Findings in hysterectomy specimens of women with Lynch syndrome; Percentages and architectural types of Gleason pattern 4 cancer in radical prostatectomy; PTEN loss and chromosome 8 alterations in Gleason grade 3 prostate cancer cores; Lymph node count from neck dissection predicts mortality in head and neck cancer; Assessing the adequacy of lymph node yield for papillary thyroid cancer; Addressing perceived versus actual agreement in breast pathology interpretation; Cost-effectiveness of Oncotype DX DCIS score for guiding treatment of DCIS