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Articles tagged with: Clinical Pathology Abstracts –

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 5/17

May 2017—Viral hepatitis and Parkinson disease; Case studies of professionalism in pathology as an educational tool

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 4/17

April 2017—Cost-benefit analysis of Chlamydia trachomatis screening in pregnant women: Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the United States. In 2010, more than 1.3 million such infections in the United States were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2013, the estimated direct lifetime cost of treatment for chlamydia and its complications was more than $500 million.

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 2/17

February 2017—Screening for Babesia microti in the U.S. blood supply; Perspectives on whether WES is ethically disruptive in pediatrics; Perspectives on whether WES is ethically disruptive in pediatrics

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 1/17

January 2017—Impact of laboratory cost display on resident attitudes and knowledge of costs: The Institute of Medicine report on health care quality recommends providing better care at lower costs. However, the United States has consistently seen rising health care costs instead of cost reductions. An approach to reducing unnecessary health care spending is to make physicians more aware of the cost of diagnostic tests.

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 12/16

December 2016—Process optimization to improve immunosuppressant drug testing turnaround time: The routine use of immunosuppressant medications is critical for patients receiving solid organ transplants. Monitoring immunosuppressant (ISP) drug concentrations helps guide safe and effective dosing. ISP drug monitoring is performed using mass spectrometry or immunoassay methods.

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 11/16

November 2016—Neonatal ICU quality initiative: identifying preanalytical variables that contribute to specimen hemolysis: Hemolysis is a major cause of sample rejection and the need to recollect a specimen from a patient. In the neonatal intensive care unit, this may be of particular concern because of limited venous access and the risk of causing iatrogenic anemia.

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 10/16

October 2016—Risk factors for transfusion in cesarean section deliveries at a tertiary hospital: Obstetrical hemorrhage is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in young women and may be difficult to predict. In some regions of the world, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) may account for up to 25 percent of maternal deaths. Many studies have focused on the predictors of PPH before delivery.

Clinical Pathology Selected Abstracts, 9/16

September 2016—Medical error: a leading cause of death in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention compiles an annual list of the most common causes of death in the United States, using death certificates. This process relies on assigning an International Classification of Disease (ICD) code to the cause of death.

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 8/16

August 2016—Cold antibodies may be detected with routine pretransfusion testing and may obscure the identification of clinically significant red blood cell antibodies. They may be detected in healthy people or may be transient in appearance after a mycoplasma or mononucleosis infection. In most cases, cold antibodies are benign, and pretransfusion laboratory testing is designed to avoid detecting these antibodies by eliminating testing at room temperature.

Clinical Pathology Abstracts, 7/16

July 2016—Utilization management to reduce unnecessary lab testing at a VA hospital: It is estimated that laboratory and pathology testing account for four percent of annual health care costs. A laboratory utilization management system, or laboratory expert system (LES), can be employed to reduce such costs. A variety of functionality, including passive and active alerts, in the computerized physician order entry (CPOE) system provide decision-making support for physicians ordering tests.