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Articles tagged with: Cytopathology + More –

Cytopathology + More: The evolving management of LSIL in Pap tests

August 2016—The Bethesda System for Reporting Cervical/Vaginal Cytologic Diagnoses was developed to establish standardized terminology among pathologists for communicating to clinicians the findings of a Pap test.1 The Bethesda System has also facilitated the examination of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of cervical disease, with a focus on low-grade and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL and HSIL, respectively) and their relationships to human papillomavirus infection and progression to invasive cervical carcinoma.

Cytopathology + More—Endoscopic ultrasound-guided FNA and core biopsy: Are we progressing to a best practice?

August 2016—Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a safe and effective procedure for visualizing and screening for lesions within and in the vicinity of the upper gastrointestinal tract, liver, pancreas and peri-pancreatic lymph nodes, and soft tissues. In addition to the detection and imaging of these lesions, endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) allows for concomitant sampling of visualized lesions for tissue diagnosis.

Cytopathology + More: Glass slide programs to have latest terms, ancillary clues

August 2016—Why is there more than one correct answer for this glass slide case? I wouldn’t make the diagnosis of mesothelioma without correlating with the clinical history and performing ancillary studies. In our practice, we would call this case a follicular lesion of undetermined significance, and that isn’t an answer on the response sheet.

Cytopathology + More | Managing adults with thyroid nodules and cancer—2015 guideline highlights

May 2016—In January of this year, the American Thyroid Association published the 2015 update to its guidelines for the management of adults with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer.1 Separate guidelines were published for the pediatric population in July 2015.2 Although the guidelines for adult patients were published as a “Special Article” in Thyroid, they run the length of a small book—133 pages in total.

Cytopathology + More | Paris System: a new paradigm for urinary cytology

May 2016—The Paris System Working Group has proposed and published a standardized reporting system that redefines the primary purpose of urinary cytology: the detection of high-grade urothelial carcinoma (HGUC).1 A program to address standardization of urine cytology reporting was conceived at the 18th International Congress of Cytology in Paris in May 2013 where a number of people of like interest assembled and formed the Paris System Working Group.

Cytopathology + More | Assessing needle core biopsy adequacy—survey of practices

May 2016—In the era of personalized medicine1 it is paramount to collect samples that will have sufficient material not only for an accurate diagnosis but also in many cases for prognostication or eligibility for targeted therapy or both. This may involve use of immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, microbiological culture studies, and molecular studies. Fine needle aspiration and needle core biopsies (NCB) are used routinely for diagnosis of mass lesions from various sites in the body, and both FNA and/or cell blocks and NCB have been used successfully for these purposes.

Cytopathology + More | Anal cytology: life-saving potential at low cost

January 2016—Anal cancer incidence is on the rise in North America with rates of both invasive and in situ squamous carcinomas of the anus increasing sharply over the past several decades. While women have the highest overall likelihood of developing anal carcinomas, certain male subpopulations (namely men who have sex with men and those who are HIV positive) are at a dramatically increased risk of developing squamous precursors and carcinomas of the anal canal.

Cytopathology + More | ICD-10: finishing touches or finding the road?

August 2015—To gear up for the change from ICD-9, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has provided updates and training and has kept ICD-9 changes to a minimum in an effort to build a strong crosswalk to ICD-10. Last year, the U.S. was given one more year to prepare, but that will not be the case this year. In fewer than 75 days, on Oct. 1, the U.S. will convert to ICD-10 coding.

Cytopathology + More | Primary HPV screening, Pap-HPV cotesting: interim guidance and a retrospective study

August 2015—The Food and Drug Administration in 2001 approved the use of high-risk HPV testing to triage ASCUS Pap test results (reflex testing). Two years later the FDA expanded the indications for hrHPV testing to include its use as an adjunct to cytology in women over age 30 (cotesting). The rationale for age 30 as a cotesting cutoff point was that hrHPV is common in sexually active young women and most infections are transient and clear without medical intervention.

Cytopathology + More | Telecytopathology’s potential starting to be seen

August 2015—There is a growing body of literature referencing the uses of telecytopathology in clinical care. Telecytopathology is the interpretation of cytopathology material at a distance using digital images. It can be subdivided into three basic applications: rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE), primary specimen diagnosis, and second opinion consultation. Although there is a long history of attempts at implementing telecytopathology for broad clinical use, it still has limited but important applications in patient care.