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Articles tagged with: Diagnostic assays/markers/tests/test kits –

Poisoning, overdose: Better technology, workflow improve patient odds

July 2016—As pronouncements by fictional detectives go, one of the most famous is Sherlock Holmes’ declaration to Dr. Watson: “When you have excluded the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.” Unfortunately, Holmes’ advice is no practical rule of thumb for solving the real-world mysteries of patient poisoning or overdose, because the possibilities are often so vast.

Early days, early detection, early treatment for HIV

May 2016—In 1985, when the first test for HIV—then called human T-cell lymphotropic virus type III—became available, it was approved for screening blood products but not for diagnostic use. A diagnostic test for antibody to HIV-1 was soon approved. Over the subsequent 30-plus years, further iterations of HIV screening tests have been made, with increasing sensitivity and specificity and a shorter window to detection. Fifth-generation tests are now under review. CAP TODAY asked Eileen Burd, PhD, D(ABMM), to discuss the evolution of HIV diagnostics and algorithms for using them and to give a qualitative evaluation of the pending fifth-generation assay.

With high-sensitivity troponins, watching and waiting continue

May 2016—Laboratories and hospitals in the U.S. continue to look forward to high-sensitivity troponin assays. Judd E. Hollander, MD, says all he’s heard for the past five years is that an assay will be out at the end of the year. “And once you get halfway through the year, it will be out next year,” says Dr. Hollander, chair of the Department of Emergency Medicine and associate dean of strategic health initiatives at Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University.

FilmArray ME panel—clinical trial to 1st clinical test

May 2016—The BioFire FilmArray meningitis/encephalitis (ME) panel received FDA clearance last October, and in November Jennifer Dien Bard, PhD, D(ABMM), of Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, presented the results of the multicenter clinical evaluation of the panel, in a webinar produced by CAP TODAY in collaboration with BioFire. The panel’s use in the clinical setting will reduce turnaround time and may, pending further studies, have a positive impact on patient care and outcomes, said Dr. Dien Bard, director of the clinical microbiology and virology laboratories at Children’s Hospital LA.

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